Energy in Chile
Energy operation in Chile rests on a National Electric System (SEN) created in 2017 and connecting the country from Arica to Chiloé, composed of the former Central Interconnected System (SIC) and the Norte Grande Interconnected System(SING). To that are added the Aysén System (SEA) and the Magallanes System (SEM).
It’s defined as the set of facilities, conductors, and equipment charged with generating, transporting, and distributing electric energy. It is divided into three main subsystems: generation, transmission, and distribution, which, despite having different roles, have an essential participation in the country’s energy system.
> Generation is the production of electric energy through different technologies such as hydroelectricity, thermoelectricity, wind, and solar, among others.
>Transmission, then, allows the energy generated to be transported, through high voltage transmission lines, from the generation sources to the cities and several industrial users. There it is received by substations, where it is converted to low voltage.
> Distribution, finally, connects with the transmission system, to bring the energy to the end user.
The global use of electricity has grown enormously for both human and industrial segments and activities. This phenomenon, ranging from domestic heating to green hydrogen generation, has become more evident in local consumption in recent years, naturally determined also by our demographic growth.However, national indicators
reveal that Chile is still far below other countries per capita consumption, as is the case with world powers such as the United States and Germany; and other nations of more similar dimensions, such as New Zealand.